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Instructions for Authors (Author Guidelines)

Author(s) requested to submit their manuscripts, in accordance with the subsequent format which might facilitate in easy review by the Editorial Board (EB) members.

Title - The title should be in upper case, specific and concise.

Author(s) with affiliations: It should contain author names followed by Department, University or Organization, City, and Country of the author(s), along with their email address. For corresponding author the complete affiliation and postal address is required along with contact information.

Abstract - The abstract should be clear and concise to convey the manuscript in advance along with the significance of the work. The abstract should contain a quick background of the question(s), an outline of the results (while not in depth experimental detail) and an outline of the importance of their findings. It should not exceed more than 300 words.

Keywords - Author should mention at least 3-5 keywords (semicolon symbol after each keyword).

List of Abbreviations - The list of abbreviations should be for example: CDC: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; GRO: Grey relational order; GRG: Grey relational grade

Introduction - The Introduction should provide a transparent statement of the study, relevant literature on the study subject along with the planned approach. This should be enough to draw reader's attention from a broad array of scientific disciplines.

Materials and Methods – The materials section should include the detailed descriptions of all types of materials used. Methods part should contain sufficient details so that all procedures can be replicable by other researchers. Authors may divide this into subsections if several methods were described. The methodology should be exact, but with sufficient detail to guide scientific replicability.

Results – The results section should describe the outcomes and findings of an article (research, case study, review etc.). It should be clear, understandable and concise (using figures & tables). The layout of the result section should be in the same order in which the introduction section is being structured.

Discussions – This section ought to illustrate the importance of results in relation to the reasons for doing the work. It should include the strengths and limitations of the study. Also, interpretation and implications with reference to the context should be given indicating the future research directions.

Conclusions - The conclusion should be given for the closure of an article.

Acknowledgments – Author can include sources of funding, grants, details about anyone who contributed substantially towards the study etc.

References - Only published or accepted manuscripts should be included in the reference list. Abstracts, Conference talks, or Papers that have been submitted in meetings but not yet accepted should not be cited. All personal communications should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.

Annex uses the numbered citation (citation-sequence) method. References are listed and numbered in the order that they appear in the text. In the text, citations should be indicated by the reference number in brackets. Multiple citations within a single set of brackets should be separated by commas. Where there are three or more sequential citations, they should be given as a range. For Example: "… now enable biologists to simultaneously monitor the expression of thousands of genes in a single experiment [1,4-8,26]". Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order for the relevant journal before ordering the citations. Captions of Figures and tables should be at the end of the manuscript. Authors are requested to provide at least one online link for each reference as following (preferably PubMed). Because all references will be linked electronically as much as possible to the papers they cite, proper formatting of the references is crucial.

Order of a reference should be maintained as below:
Authors (>5 et al.) <space>(Year)<space>Title.<space>Journal name<space>Volume number:<space>page number.<space>doi.

Please use the following style for the reference list:
Published Papers:
1. Al-Qahtani HH (2016) Enteric duplication cyst as a leading point for ileoileal intussusception in an adult: A rare cause of complete small intestinal obstruction. World J Gastrointest Surg 8: 472-5.
2. Mou D, Seshadri A, Fallon M, Thummalapalli R, Askari R (2016) Internal hernia through a congenital peritoneal defect in the vesico-uterine space. Int J Surg Case Rep 25: 171-3.
3. Satake R, Chinda D, Shimoyama T, Satake M, Oota R, et al. (2016) Repeated Small Bowel Obstruction Caused by Chestnut Ingestion without the Formation of Phytobezoars. Intern Med 55: 1565-8. doi: 10.1016/j.msard.2016.
Note: Please list the first five authors and then add "et al." if there are more authors.

1. Okpala IE (2004) Epidemiology, genetics and pathophysiology of sickle cell disease In: Practical Management of Haemoglobinopathies, Blackwell Publishing, UK.
2. Probst R, Greves G, Iro H (2006) Otorhinolaryngology (2nd Edn) Germany: thieme, Germany.

Chinda D, Shimoyama T, Satake M (2009) Secure biometric templates from fingerprint-face features. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, IEEE Conference.

Tables should be designed as easy as possible and understandable. Author should submit tables as .doc format. Tables should be typed, double-spaced throughout, including headings and footnotes. Each table should be on a separate page, numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals and should contain with a heading and a legend. Tables should be understandable without reference to the text. Preferably, the details of the methods used in the experiments should be described in the legend instead of in the text. The same data should not be presented in both table and graph form in the text. Cells can be copied from an Excel spreadsheet and pasted into a word document, but Excel files should not be embedded as objects.

Note: If the table is in PDF format, the author is requested to retain the same in .doc format in order to aid in completion of process successfully.

The figure format should be like PNG, TIFF and JPEG. If author have created images with separate components on different layers, please send us the Photoshop files.

The display size of the images or figures MUST be with the following image resolutions: Line Art 800 dpi, Combination (Line Art+Halftone) 600 dpi, Halftone 300 dpi. The image files must be cropped as close as to the actual image as possible without missing the clarity of the image.

Arabic numerals are used to designate figures and upper case letters for their parts (i.e., Figure 1). Begin each legend with a title and include sufficient description so that the figure is understandable without reading the text of the manuscript. Information given in legends should not be repeated in the text.

Figure legends should be typed in numerical order on a separate sheet.

Tables and Equations as Graphics:
Equations should be submitted in EPS or TIFF format as discrete files (i.e., a file containing only the data for one equation) cannot be submitted in MathML. Only when tables cannot be encoded as XML/SGML they can be submitted as graphics. It is critical that the font size in all equations and tables are consistent and legible throughout all submissions (If this method is used).

Supplementary information:
The Supplementary information contains for example: figures and tables referred to at an appropriate point in the main text of the paper. Figures (or) Images should be a maximum size of 640 x 480 pixels (9 x 6.8 inches at 72 pixels per inch).
Summary diagram/figure included as part of the Supplementary information (optional).
All Supplementary information should submit as a single PDF file, if possible. File size within the permitted limits for Supplementary Information.

Open Access Journals