Principals have different duties and responsibility to heads of schools. To better understand the allocation of their time work within the work day lives of principals, this study uses self-rating time-use data for secondary school principals in Gabi-Rasu Zone, Afar national regional state, Ethiopia. This study examines the relationship between the time principals spent on different types of activities and school outcomes including student achievement general education secondary school examination (GESSE) test score. We find that time spent on organization management activities, administration activities, instructional program activities, day-to-day instructional activities, internal relation activities, external relation and other activities are associated with school outcome (student test score). The researcher used a descriptive research design of survey type and gathered data through self-rating time usage data. The sample of this study comprises school principals in the Gabi-Rasu Zone. Thus, eleven public general preparatory secondary high school, two private general secondary high school and fifteen public general secondary high school. There are four research questions were guided this study. The data collected were analyzed through the computation of descriptive statistics, t-test, and contingency table and Univariate correlation. Findings indicated significant relationships between principal time-use and school effectiveness, principal effectiveness, proportion of time of different activity and activities that principals often engaged.
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Individuals who are diagnosed with severe mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia have always been viewed publicly as being hazardous, violent, aggressive and unpredictable. Their awareness of the fact that they are being discriminated against and stereotyped results in an intense feeling of being devalued by the society, which is referred to as Self-stigma [1,2].
Inflammatory “Endotheliopathy’’ with COVID 19 Infections in Children, Unanswered Questions for Management Post Recovery
Recent studies from U.K, US and Canada have reported a unique presentation of the novel corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) in the pediatric age group. High fevers, rash, multiorgan involvement was a recurrent mode of presentation; with an overall case fatality rate in the US-Canadian PICU consortium group was reported to be approximately 4.2% [1-7]
Dawn of the Biofilm Disease: Highlights about Biofilm in Bone and Joint & Prosthetic Joint Infections Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment
I present some key considerations of the biofilm disease as part of two complex pathologies such as bone and joint infections and prosthetic joint infections, taking into account the bacterial pathogenic factors to understand the particular nature of these infections, and to achieve an accurate diagnosis and management beyond the antimicrobial therapy. I mention some personal experience of many years in the medical microbiology laboratory and next to the patient’s bed.